Stefansson-Anderson expedition 1908-1912

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January 1, 1909. Names. A small boy (about four) in this house was born a short time before his uncle died. After the uncle's death the baby became very restless and became quiet only after he got the uncle's name. This was given him as a second name and he at once became quiet. He had been crying for the name. Formerly, when a child was very restless and cried, a medicineman was called in to determine whose name he was crying for, when the right name was found the crying stopped. On being questioned, all the people of the house (three) agreed that not only did the child want the name, but "in all probability" the name was equally anxious to get into the child, i. e., they seem to think of the name as an entity.

Ten-Footed Bear. Tarak told us Wednesday evening that the tenfooted bear lives mostly in the water like a seal. Looks like a polar bear all but the ten legs. When he walks on ice the five feet of each side track after each other so the bear makes a double track like a sled. Walking the bear often gets his legs tangled up; there are so many, he can't manage them all. Once a man was followed by a ten-footed bear. The man walked between two cakes of ice and the bear was caught in the crevice between them. If his feet had not become entangled he might have gotten off. As it was, the man speared him. When dying, the bear fell on his back, all his feet pawing the air. This is an old men's story. Tarak never saw such a bear or tracks.

January 2. Point Franklin. Started 10 A. M. Arrived at house of Akebiana (Point Franklin) 4:45. There are six houses here, but only two have people just now, the other four families are at Icy Cape for the dance.

Tattooing. A woman from Noatak (Napaktok) says girls of her time (she looks forty) were told if they did not tattoo the chin, the chin would grow long to disfigurement.

A "Kogmallik" woman is Akebiana's wife and she is Roxy's and Ovayuak's cousin. She has been around Barrow about twelve years and has forgotten most Mackenzie words that differ from Barrow.

Humor. Two jokes "sprung" last evening may be called typical Eskimo jokes. The loose root of a badly pulled (broken) tooth, came out. Some one said I had twisted it out in trying to pronounce Eskimo words. George said when he was small he cried for another name. His wife said she guessed it probably was worms.

January 3. Point Belcher. Started 10:10 A. M., stopped 1:30 P. M. in vacant house (stove, etc.) at Sisdraruit (Point Belcher). Two inhabitable houses here. About half mile north is house of Portugee Jerome Lope who three years ago last fall went into prison at McNeill's Island, Washington, for "Statutory Rape," living with woman under sixteen.

January 7. Wainwright Inlet. Perpetual Frost. At various times in the past I have found in speaking with Eskimo that they consider solid frost as the natural condition of the earth to an unknown depth, the layer thawed in summer is the only part not frozen at that time. They have asked me how far one would have to dig in my country and in the negro's country to get down to frost, after it was explained that in Africa it does not freeze in winter or summer.

January 11. Wainwright Inlet. Sharpening Tools. Dr. Marsh says women never sharpen stone ulus or ikuuns, the flaking done by men.
Takpuk is said to be going insane. He is so restless that he has to be traveling or moving all the time. Got tired of waiting for crowd of dancers (who hang around Wainwright four days) and came back to his deer herd. Behaving as he does would not be remarked among the whites, but is considered abnormal here.

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